【考研】英语单词记忆资料:52个常用英语后缀词汇(转载)

  常用后缀

  (1)名词后缀

  1、ability(能力, 才干),ibility

  able(能...的, 有才能的, 能干的, 能够的)—ability(能力, 才干)

  flexible(有弹性的,柔韧的)—flexibility(弹性, 适应性, 机动性, 挠性)

  inflammability adaptability

  2、al

  arrive(到达, 抵达)—arrival(到来, 到达, 到达者)

  refuse(拒绝, 谢绝)—refusal(拒绝, 推却)

  personal global approval revival

  3、an, ian, arian

  library(图书馆, 藏书室)—librarian(图书馆员, 图书管理员)

  music(音乐, 乐曲)—musician(音乐家)

  urban publican republican

  4、ance,ence

  appear(出现, 公开露面)—appearance(出现, 露面, 外貌, 外观)

  refer(提交, 谈及,提到, 涉及, 查阅, 咨询)—reference(提及, 涉及, 参考, 参考书目, 证明书(人), 介绍信(人))

  guidance resistance reliance

  5、ancy,ency

  emerge(显现, 浮现, (事实)显现出来)—emergency(紧急情况, 突然事件, 非常时刻, 紧急事件)

  expect(期待, 预期)—expectancy(期待, 期望)

  occupancy elegancy constancy

  6、ant,ent

  apply(申请)—applicant(申请者, 请求者)

  correspond( 通信)—correspondent(通讯记者, 通信者)

  ignorant assistant accsant excitant

  7、cy

  accurate(正确的, 精确的)—accuracy(精确性, 正确度)

  private(私人的, 私有的, 私营的, 秘密的)—privacy(独处而不受干扰, 秘密)

  vacancy bankruptcy

  8、dom

  king(国王, 君主, (部落的)首领, 纸牌中的K,立...为王,做国王, 统治)—kingdom(王国, [宗]天国, 上帝的统治, 领域)

  free(自由的, 免费的, 免税的, 免费)—freedom(自由, 自主, 直率, 特权)

  wisdom sportsdom filmdom

  9、ee

  employ(雇用, 用)—employee(职工, 雇员, 店员)

  interview(接见, 会见)—interviewee(被接见者, 被访问者)

  trainee deportee awardee

  10、er,or,ar

  paint(油漆, 颜料)—painter(画家, 油漆匠)

  beg(请求, 乞求)—beggar(乞丐)

  banker heater whisper harder

  11、ery

  brave(勇敢的)—bravery(勇敢)

  slave(奴隶)—slavery(奴隶身分, 奴隶制度)

  bakery robbery bribery fishery

  12、ese

  China(中国)—Chinese(中国的,)

  Japan(日本)—Japanese(日本的)

  13、ess

  actor(男演员)—actress(女演员)

  waiter(侍者, 服务员)—waitress(女服务生)

  hostess heiress murderess

  14、hood

  child(孩子, 儿女)—childhood(孩童时期)

  man(男人)—manbood(成年男子)

  adulthood cubhood

  15、ics

  electron(电子)—electronics(电子器件)

  linguist(语言学家)—linguistics(语言学)

  electronics politics economics  16、ism

  Marx(马克思)—Marxism(马克思主义)

  socialist(社会主义者)—socialism(社会主义)

  criticism journalism idealism

  17、ist

  psychiatry(精神病学)—psychiatrist(精神病医师)

  violin(小提琴)—violinist(小提琴演奏者)

  socialist chemist dentist

  18、ity,ty

  cruel(残酷的, 悲惨的)—cruelty(残忍, 残酷)

  pure(纯的, 纯粹的)—purity(纯净, 纯洁, 纯度)

  speciality humanity popularity

  19、ment

  move(移动, 迁居)—movement(运动, 动作)

  retire(退休, 引退, 退却)—retirement(退休, 引退)

  amusement basement department

  20、ness

  dark(黑暗, 夜)—darkness(黑暗, 漆黑)

  happy(快乐的, 幸福的)—happiness(幸福, 快乐)

  weakness bitterness willingness

  21、ology

  climate(气候, 风土)—climatology(气候学, 风土学)

  future(未来, 将来)—futurology(未来学)

  22、ship

  friend(朋友, 助手)—friendship(友谊, 友好)

  scholar(学者)—scholarship(奖学金, 学问, 学识)

  relationship huntsmanship

  23、sion,ssion

  decide(决定, 判决)—decision(决定, 决心)

  expand(使膨胀, 扩张)—expansion(扩充, 开展)

  collision suspension conversion

  24、th

  grow(生长, 成长)—growth(生长, 种植)

  wide(宽的, 广阔的)—width(宽度)

  warmth depth strength

  25、ure

  close(关, 关闭)—closure(关闭,使终止)

  expose(使暴露, 受到, 使曝光,揭露)—exposure(暴露, 揭露, 暴光, 揭发)

  pressure creature departure

  (2)动词后缀

  26、en

  deep(深的, 纵深的)—deepen(加深, 深化)

  fast(紧的, 牢的)—fasten(扎牢, 扣住)

  strengthen sharpen soften

  27、ify

  class(班级, 阶级)—classify(分类, 分等)

  simple(简单的, 简易的)—simplify(单一化, 简单化)

  satisfy intensify purify

  28、ize,ise

  modern(现代人)—modernise/modernize(<主英>=modernize)

  popular(通俗的, 流行的, 受欢迎的)—popularise/popularize(<主英> =popularize)

  normalize industrialize organize

  29、ate

  mot(动)—motivate(给动机,刺激)

  cult(教育)—cultivate(使受教育)

  (3)形容词后缀

  30、able, ible

  question( 疑问)—questionable(可疑的)

  fashionable changeable  31、al  nature(自然)—natural(自然的)

  structure(结构, 构造)—structural(结构的, 建筑的)

  emotional regional exceptional

  32、an,arian,ian

  suburb(市郊, 郊区)—suburban(郊外的, 偏远的)

  Canada(加拿大)—Canadian(加拿大的,加拿大人)

  republican European

  33、ant,ent

  differ(不一致, 不同)—different(不同的)

  please(满足的, 使满足)—pleasant(令人愉快的, 舒适的)

  resistant ignorant abundant

  34、ary,ory

  advise(劝告, 忠告, 警告)—advisory(顾问的, 咨询的, 劝告的)

  custom(习惯, 风俗)—customary(习惯的, 惯例的)

  secondary elementary

  35、ate

  consider(考虑, 照顾)—considerate(考虑周到的)

  fortune(运气, 好运)—fortunate(幸运的, 幸福的)

  private determinate

  36、en

  gold(黄金, 金币)—golden(金色的, 金黄色的)

  wood( 木材)—wooden(木制的)

  woolen oaken

  37、ese

  China(中国)—Chinese(中国的, 中国人的)

  Japan(日本)—Japanese(日本的, 日本人的)

  vietnamese portugese

  38、free

  care( 烦恼, 忧虑)—carefree(无忧无虑的, 轻松愉快的)

  duty(义务, 责任, 职责, 职务, 税)—duty-free(自由的, 大方的, 免费的, 免税的, 免费)

  sugar-free fat-free

  39、ful

  care(注意, 照料)—careful(小心的, 仔细的)

  pain(痛苦, 疼)—painful(疼痛的, 使痛苦的)

  meaningful skillful

  40、ic,ical

  atom(原子)—atomic(原子的, 原子能的)

  psychology(心理学, 心理状态)—psychological(心理(上)的)

  historic typical

  41、ish

  girl(女孩, 少女)—girlish(少女的, 少女似的(男孩))

  child(孩子)—childish(孩子气的, 幼稚的)

  bookish coldish Spanish

  42、ive

  create(创造)—creative(创造性的)

  support(支援,支柱)—supportive(支持的,支援的)

  impressive protective attractive

  43、less

  hope(希望, 信心)—hopeless(没有希望的, 绝望的)

  pain(痛苦, 疼, 痛, 劳苦, 努力,使痛苦)—painless(无痛的, 不痛的)

  worthless countless restless

  44、like

  child(孩子)—childlike(孩子似的, 天真烂漫的)

  lady(女士, 夫人, 小姐)—ladylike(风度雍容如贵妇的, 温雅的)

  godlike fatherlike dreamlike

  45、ly

  man(男人)—manly(男子气概的)

  month(月)—monthly(每月的,每月一次,月刊)

  yearly homely costly

  46、ous, ious

  danger(危险)—dangerous(危险的)

  poison(毒药, 败坏道德之事, 毒害,毒害, 败坏, 使中毒,放毒, 下毒)—poisonous(有毒的)

  glorious vigorous continuous

  47、some

  tire( 劳累, 厌倦)—tiresome(无聊的, 烦人的)

  trouble(烦恼, 麻烦)—troublesome(麻烦的, 讨厌的)

  awesome fearsome

  48、ward

  down(向下的)—downward(向下的)

  up(向上)—upward(向上的)

  backward sunward ourward

  49、y

  guilt(罪行, 内疚)—guilty(犯罪的, 有罪的)

  noise(喧闹声, 噪声)—noisy(吵杂的, 聒噪的)

  bloody hairy woolly

  (4)副词后缀

  50、ly

  easy(容易的)—easily(容易地, 不费力地)

  heavy(重的, 繁重的)—heavily(很重地, 沉重地)

  timely truly fearfully recently

  51、ward,wards

  east(东方, 东)—eastward(s)(向东,向东的, 朝东的)

  north(北, 北方)—northward(s)(向北,向北的)

  backwards outwards

  52、wise

  clock(时钟)—clockwise(顺时针方向的,顺时针方向地)

  other(其他的, 另外的)—otherwise(另外, 不同地)

  coastwise likewise

评论(0)

发表评论: